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Sewage Sludge is Not Compost EPA proposes a rule change that says it is

EPA Petitioned (pdf) by 73 farm, labor, and environmental organizations to stop the land application of sewage sludge, October 7, 2003

Sludge Petition Press Release, October 7, 2003: EPA Petitioned to Stop land Application of Sewage Sludge

Sludge Petition Press Release, November 7, 2003: EPA Admits Lack of Certainty on Safety of Sewage Sludge

EPA's Sewage Sludge Petition Response (pdf), December 22, 2003

Sludge Petition Press Release, December 31, 2003: EPA Refuses to Protect the Food Supply from Hazardous Sewage Sludge

Article in the News Leader, Springfield, Missouri, EPA won't ban use of treated waste despite health concerns
By Greg Wright, Gannett News Service, January 1, 2004

Augusta Chronicle articles on the Boyceland Dairy v. City of Augusta court case
Sludge award upsets family 06/25/03
  Witness blames sewage regulation 06/14/03
Boyce witnesses say sludge killed cattle 06/13/03 

We're Being Poisoned," article by Scott Carroll and Jamie Manfuso, Sarasota Herald Tribune, July 4, 2002

"The Politics of Sludge Determines Who Gets Dumped On," article by Scott Carroll, Sarasota Herald Tribune, October 11, 2002

The Sludge Report: A special issue of New Solutions: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy, Volume 12, Number 4, 2002, special issue editors, Richard Clapp and Laura Orlando

National Academy of Sciences report Biosolids Applied to Land: Advancing Standards and Practices and the NAS Press Release about the report

The Sludge Report
Article by Joel Bleifuss, In These Times, April 12, 2002

On April 3, 2002, the EPA's Office of Inspector General (OIG) officially released a report on EPA's sewage sludge rule (OIG sludge report). The OIG identified over ten major problem areas under the current rule and warned that "EPA cannot assure the public that current land application practices [of sewage sludge] are protective of human health and the environment." National Whistleblower Center press release on the OIG report

November 2, 2001 conference about sludge sponsored by the Boston University School of Public Health, Sewage Sludge on Land: Public Health and Environmental Impacts

Articles about sludge, in the ReSource Institute library.

ReSource editorials on sludge
The Sludge Report
Ban the Land Application of Sewage Sludge
Ockham's Razor
Something Stinks in the EPA
Toxic Sludge and Fertilizer Conference Press Release
Stopping Sludge
Radioactive Sludge in Denver
Can You Clean-Up Sludge? A Correspondence
Organic Food and Sewage Sludge
Laundering Toxic Waste

Toxic Avengers: EPA is pushing hazardous sludge as a fertilizer and the locals are fighting back, In These Times, by Laura Orlando, February 1999.

Sustainable Sanitation: A Global Health Challenge, Dollars and Sense, by Laura Orlando, May 2001.

CDC Sounds a Warning on Risks of Sludge USA Today, July 13, 2000, by John Tuohy.

A Terrible Waste Gets a Good Look, a story about the death of Tony Behun. Pittsburgh Post-Gazzette, June 11, 2000, by Tom Gibb.

EPA's Secret Role in Toxic Sludge, by Sheila R. Cherry, Insight Magazine, July 24, 2000

Sludge Excuses Still Stink, by Sheila R. Cherry, Insight Magazine, May 29, 2000

Information on sewage sludge from the Cornell Waste Management Institute, including the document, "A Case for Caution: Recommendations for the Land Application of Sewage Sludge," 2001 Sludge Application recommendations, scientific papers by Cornell faculty, and 82 questions and answers on sludge.

Rachel's Environmental Health Weekly: A new US Waste Policy Emerges, numbers 560 and 561; Excrement Happens, numbers 644 and 645; and Drugs in the Water, number 614; by Peter Montague.

On March 20, 2000, the USEPA Office of the Inspector General, in an Audit Report, found that "EPA cannot assure the public that current land application practices are protective of human health and the environment." This is a pdf file.

Congressional Hearings, March 22, 2000, "EPA's Sludge Rule: Closed Minds or Open Debate?" "The hearing will explore allegations that EPA scientists who disagree with EPA's science associated with the sludge rule were ignored or, worse, subjected to harassment. Even more disturbing are documented reports of intimidation directed at private citizens who express concerns about EPA sludge policies and the science behind those policies."

National Sludge Alliance editorials on sludge.

The P.O.O.P. Scoop. Website of People Opposed to Ontario Pollution. The site has a "POOP SCOOP Message Board" for networking among visitors.

The Real Dirt on Sewage Sludge, by Wendy Priesnitz, Natural Life, November 1997.

The Sludge Hits the Fan
Chapter 8 from Toxic Sludge Is Good For You
John Stauber and Sheldon Rampton
Common Courage Press,1995.

PR Watch. Let Them Eat Sludge, by John Stauber and Sheldon Rampton

Environmental Working Group, Dumping Sewage Sludge On Organic Farms? Why USDA Should Just Say No, August 1998.

Joanne Marshall's statement to the EPA regarding the death of her son from sludge poisoning.

Why EPA regulations have everything to do with elections and nothing to do with protecting public health and the environment, statement by David L. Lewis, Ph.D, US EPA employee.

C U R E (Citizens United for Responsible Environmentalism, Inc.) is a national, non-profit, education and research organization based in California that works on sludge and composting issues. The Hawaii Chapter of CURE has a web page with sludge links and information about their effots to stop sludge spreading on Maui.

Sewage Sludge homepage of the Pennsylvania Environmental Network

CQS's Health Alert: The Sludge Story

Environmental Interest Organization's Sludge Dumping in Virginia.

Information about the use of sludge in agriculture, in English and Swedish.

Toxic Tort Attorney Resources, TOXBOARD: The Toxic Tort Bulletin Board

Sludge on Your Supper Table, Natural Life, August 23, 1999.

On The Ground: The Spreading of Toxic Sludge in Vermont. A 57 page report on Vermont sludge spreading, with references and recommendations, by Vermont PIRG.

Redefining Sludge: Activists search for answers about sludge and its impact on our food supply. The Workbook. A publication of the Southwest Research and Information Center. Summer 1998. P.O. Box 4524, 105 Stanford SE, Alburquerque, NM 87106. Tel 505 346-1455. Email:

Press Release: 25 Environmental Groups Ask Harvard President Not to Allow Poisoning of the Medical School Quad Lawn, May 3, 2000.

Conference Proceedings. Dangers of Sludge: A Citizens Forum on Environmental and Health Concerns from Landspreading of Sewage and Paper Mill Sludges. November 1997. 51 pages. Order here.Sponsored by Citizens for a Future New Hampshire.

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